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Modern and Contemporary Art
Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Full-size image not available for download. Please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Artist: Pablo Picasso, Spanish, active France, 1881–1973

Vase of Flowers and Pitcher

1937

Oil on canvas

59.5 × 69.9 cm (23 7/16 × 27 1/2 in.)
framed: 79.1 × 89.9 × 8.6 cm (31 1/8 × 35 3/8 × 3 3/8 in.)
Gift of Stephen Carlton Clark, B.A. 1903
1954.29.1
Geography: 
Made in France
Status: 
On view
Culture: 
Spanish
Period: 
20th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Provenance: 

The Artist; Sold to Galerie Paul Rosenberg, Paris [See Note I]; Confiscated at Floirac by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, September 5, 1941 (ERR inv. no. PR 12) [See Note II]; Transferred to the Jeu de Paume, Paris, September 6, 1941; Returned to the Möbel-Aktion for sale [See Note III]; Intended for transport to Nikolsburg, Moravia, August 1, 1944; Recovered by the Forces françaises libres at Aulnay-sous-Bois (train no.40.044)[See Note IV]; Restituted by the Commission de Récupération Artistique to Paul Rosenberg, New York and Paris, September 14, 1945; Sold to Stephen C. Clark (1882-1960), New York, 1948; Gift to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.

Notes: [I] Paul Rosenberg (1881-1959) was a Jewish art dealer and collector. Before the June 1940 occupation of Paris, in order to keep it safe, he transferred his art collection from his gallery at 21 rue La Boétie to a bank vault in Libourne and to a temporary residence, Le Castel, in Floirac. In fear for the safety of his family, Rosenberg fled France for the United States with his wife, Marguerite (1893-1968), and his daughter, Micheline (1917-2006). His son Alexandre (1921-1987) escaped to the United Kingdom to fight alongside the Forces françaises libres (Free French Forces) [II] The Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg was the National Socialist agency responsible for confiscating art and cultural goods across occupied Europe. In France, the Jeu de Paume Museum, Paris, was used as a central storage and sorting depot for objects confiscated. Between 1940 and 1941, the ERR seized Rosenberg’s collections in Libourne and Floirac. The Galerie Paul Rosenberg, Paris, was Aryanized and government administrators appointed to oversee operations [III] The Möbel-Aktion was the agency responsible for confiscating houseware and furniture from residences left behind by Jews who fled, were arrested or deported. Property confiscated was sold to Nazi officers to furnish their homes or send back to Germany [IV] The painting was packed for shipment to Nikolsburg, Austria, a Nazi depot for works of art, and loaded on to a train at the Aulnay-sous-Bois station outside of Paris. However, the train was stopped by members of the Forces françaises libres, including Lieutenant Alexandre Rosenberg who recognized many of the paintings formerly on display in his father’s gallery and family home

Bibliography: 

B. Wolf, “Pablo Picasso Between Two Wars,” Art Digest 21 (February 15, 1947): 11, ill.

M. Breuning, “Picasso Pictures That Explain His Fame,” Art Digest 22 (April 1, 1948): 16, ill.

Juan Merli, Picasso: El artista y la obra de nuestro tiempo, 2 (Buenos Aires: El Ateneo, 1948), fig. 445.

Christian Zervos, Pablo Picasso, 8 (Paris: Éditions Cahiers d’Art, 1957), 168, no. 356, ill.

Francoise Forster-Hahn, French and School of Paris Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1968), 21, ill.

Michael Conforti et al., The Clark Brothers Collect: Impressionist and Early Modern Paintings, exh. cat. (Williamstown, Mass.: Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 2006), 340, no. 330.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.