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American Decorative Arts
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
Full-size image not available for download. Please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Maker: Toots Zynsky, American, born 1951

Spring Grass II


Fused soda-lime filet de verre

5 1/2 × 12 1/2 × 13 1/8 in. (13.97 × 31.75 × 33.34 cm)
Janet and Simeon Braguin Fund

Toots Zynsky is one of the few women to achieve widespread acclaim in the studio glass field. Her vessels do not involve blowing glass or pouring it into a mold. She uses a process called filet de verre, in which many thin threads of glass are fused together and slumped into shape. At first, she pulled glass threads by hand, but in 1983 she began using a custom-built machine that semiautomated the process. This bowl was one of the first pieces she made using this machine. Zynsky purchased the bright green opaque glass from the Venetian glasshouse Moretti. She had not used this particular glass before, and when she fired it, the ends of the threads curled up. Spring Grass II was her second attempt, for which she adjusted the level of heat to obtain her desired result. Zynsky has continually refined her technique through research and experimentation. Spring Grass II documents her pioneering approach to working glass.

Made in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Not on view
20th century
Containers - Glass

Toots Zynsky, Amsterdam then Providence, Rhode Island; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


“Acquisitions,” https://artgallery.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/Pub_Bull_acquisitions_2010.pdf (accessed 2012).

Diane C. Wright, “New Glass at the Yale University Art Gallery,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2011): 32–33, fig. 5.

Diane C. Wright, “Object Lesson: High Thread Count,” Yale Alumni Magazine (Jan/Feb 2011): 58, ill.

Corning Museum of Glass, “Recent Important Acquisitions,” New Glass Review 32 (2011): 126, ill.

John Stuart Gordon, American Glass: The Collections at Yale (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2018), 278–79, no. 145.

John Stuart Gordon, “American Glass: The Collections at Yale,” Antiques and the Arts Weekly (November 2, 2018): 30, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.