Spring Grass II Maker: Toots Zynsky (American, born 1951)


American Decorative Arts

Not on view

Toots Zynsky is one of the few women to achieve widespread acclaim in the studio glass field. Her vessels do not involve blowing glass or pouring it into a mold. She uses a process called filet de verre, in which many thin threads of glass are fused together and slumped into shape. At first, she pulled glass threads by hand, but in 1983 she began using a custom-built machine that semiautomated the process. This bowl was one of the first pieces she made using this machine. Zynsky purchased the bright green opaque glass from the Venetian glasshouse Moretti. She had not used this particular glass before, and when she fired it, the ends of the threads curled up. Spring Grass II was her second attempt, for which she adjusted the level of heat to obtain her desired result. Zynsky has continually refined her technique through research and experimentation. Spring Grass II documents her pioneering approach to working glass.


Fused soda-lime filet de verre


5 1/2 × 12 1/2 × 13 1/8 in. (13.97 × 31.75 × 33.34 cm)

Credit Line

Janet and Simeon Braguin Fund

Accession Number



20th century


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Toots Zynsky, Amsterdam then Providence, Rhode Island; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.
  • John Stuart Gordon, "American Glass: The Collections at Yale," Antiques and the Arts Weekly (November 2, 2018), 30, ill
  • John Stuart Gordon, American Glass: The Collections at Yale (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2018), 278–79, no. 145
  • Diane C. Wright, "Object Lesson: High Thread Count," Yale Alumni Magazine (Jan/Feb 2011), 58, ill
  • Diane C. Wright, "New Glass at the Yale University Art Gallery," in "Recent Acquisitions," special issue, Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2011), 32–33, fig. 5
  • Corning Museum of Glass, "Recent Important Acquisitions," New Glass Review 32 (2011), 126, ill
  • "Acquisitions," Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin: Online Supplement (accessed 2012), 13, ill
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

bowls (vessels)


"Z" on bottom of vessel in black cane.

Technical metadata and APIs


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