Asian Art
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery
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Photo credit: Yale University Art Gallery

Ritual Disk (Bi)

3rd–2nd millennium b.c.e.

Jade (nephrite)

Outer Diameter: 8 1/4 in. (21 cm)
Inner Diameter: 1 3/4 in. (4.5 cm)
Gift of J. Watson Webb, B.A. 1907, and Electra Havemeyer Webb
Found in some of China’s earliest cultures and often placed on or alongside the deceased during burials, circular disks, or bi, originally symbolized the sky revolving around a central axis, referring to the belief that the heavens were divine. Over time, however, such disks became more decorative than symbolic in function.
On view
Liangzhu culture (3200–2200 B.C.E.)
Ritual Objects

J. Watson Webb; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 1940


George J. Lee, Selected Far Eastern Art in the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1970), 126, no. 242, ill.

Denise Patry Leidy, “Chinese Jades: Selections from the Yale University Art Gallery,” Arts of Asia (May–June 2020): 22, fig. 1.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.