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European Art
Artist: Annibale Carracci, Italian, 1560–1609

The Crucifixion

ca. 1587–88

Oil on canvas laid on panel

unframed: 81.5 × 61.5 cm (32 1/16 × 24 3/16 in.) framed: 106 × 81.7 cm (41 3/4 × 32 3/16 in.)
Gift of Richard L. Feigen, B.A. 1952 in honor of Laurence Kanter
On view
Italian, Bologna
16th century

(probably) Queen Christina of Sweden, Rome (until 1689); Cardinal Dezio Azzolino, Rome (1689); Marchese Pompeo Azzolino, Rome (1689-96); Prince Livio Odescalchi, Rome (1696-1713); Prince Baldassarre Odeschalchi-Erba, Rome (1713-21); Philippe Duc d'Orleans, Palais Royal, Paris (1721/23); Louis Philippe Duc d'Orleans, Paris (1752-85); Louis Philippe Joseph Duc d'Orleans, Paris (1785-92); Viscomte Edouard de Walckiers, Brussels (1792); Francois de laborde de Mereville, Paris (1792-98); Jeremiah Harman, London (1798); A Syndicate (3rd Duke of Bridgewater, Lords Carlisle and Gower), London - exhibited for asale by Bryan at the Lyceum, Strand, London (1798-99), no. 126; 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, London (1799-1803); By descent to: 5th Earl of Ellesmere, London - his sale, Christie's London, Oct. 18, 1946, lot 64 - bought by "Madeira" with Wetzler, Madeira (1946); Edourdo Paquete, Funchal, Madeira.


Louis François Dubois de Saint-Gelais, Description des tableaux du Palais royal (Paris: Chez d’Houry, 1727), 31–32.

Jacques Couché, Galerie du Palais Royal: gravée d’après les tableaux des différentes écoles qui la composent. Avec un abrégé de la vie des peintres et une description historique de chaque tableau / par M. l’Abbé de Fontenai, 1 (Paris: J. Couché et Bouilliard, 1786), no. 16, fig. 5.

William Buchanan, Memoirs of Painting with a Chronological History of the Importation of Pictures by the Great Masters into England Since the French Revolution, 1 (London: R. Ackermann, 1824), 81.

John Young, A Catalogue of the Collection of Pictures, of the most noble the Marquess of Stafford, Cleveland House, London, Containing an etching of every picture, and accompanied with historical and biographical notices, 1 (of 2 vols.) (London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co., 1825), 77–78, no. 105.

Anna Brownell Murphy Jameson, Companion to the most celebrated private galleries of art in London: Containing accurate catalogues, arranged alphabetically, for immediate reference, each preceded by an historical and critical introduction, with a prefatory essay on art, artists… (London: Saunders and Otley, 1844), 100, fig. 21.

Francis Egerton Ellesmere, Earl of Ellesmere, Catalogue of the Bridgewater collection of pictures, belonging to the Earl of Ellesmere, at Bridgewater House, Cleveland Square, St. James’s (London: J. M. Smith, 1851), fig. 245.

Gustav Friedrich Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of the Chief Collections of Paintings Drawings, Sculptures, Illuminated MSS, 3 (London: London, 1854), 488, fig. 4.

Casimir Stryienski, La Galerie du Regent, Philippe, Duc d’Orleans (Paris: Goupil & Cie, 1913), 169, no. 240.

Karl Theodore Parker, Catalogue of the Collection of Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum, volume II: Italian Schools (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956), 80.

Donald Posner, Annibale Carracci: A Study in the Reform of Italian Painting around 1590, 2 vols. (London: Phaidon, 1971), 10, no. 18, pl. 18.

D. Stephen Pepper, “I limiti del Positivismo: L’Annibale Carracci di Donald Posner,” Arte Illustrata 49 (June 1972): 267.

Gianfranco Malafarina, L’opera completa di Annibale Carracci (Milan: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1976), 92, fig. 19.

R. B. Simon, Important Old Master Paintings. Discoveries…in una nuova luce… (New York: Piero Corsini Inc., 1988), 41–44, fig. 7.

Daniele Benati and Eugenio Riccòmini, Annibale Carracci, exh. cat. (Milan: Electa, 2006), 146–47, no. III.7.

Paola D’Agostino, “Reconsidering the Crucifixion by Annibale Carracci,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2014): 64–69, fig. 1.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.