Reflection of Fuji in Lake Misaka in Kai Province, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji Artist: Katsushika Hokusai (Japanese, 1760–1849)

ca. 1831

Asian Art

葛飾北斎 「富嶽三十六景 甲州三坂水面」 浮世絵錦絵 江戸時代

This print departs from the typical flat, symbolic depiction of Mount Fuji and instead illustrates a three-dimensional terrain. The Fuji reflected on the surface of the lake, however, shows the snow-capped summit with a smooth surface, larger than the actual mountain. Katsushika Hokusai urges us to ask what is real and what is unreal, like a Zen riddle. This is one of the twenty earliest images of Mount Fuji made by Hokusai around 1830–31. He made another twenty-six views of the mountain using the usual black key block in 1833–34. His rival, Andō Hiroshige, who was thirty-seven years younger than Hokusai, published his series Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō in 1832–35. Before these two masters established the landscape tradition in printing in the 1830s, ukiyo-e works usually depicted human figures, such as beautiful women and famous Kabuki actors, as well as birds and plants.


Ukiyo-e: polychrome woodblock print, blue key block


sheet: 10 1/4 × 15 1/16 in. (26 × 38.2 cm)

Credit Line

Frances Gaylord Smith Collection

Accession Number



Edo period (1615–1868)


Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of records is ongoing.



Frances Gaylord Smith (Mrs. George T. Smith) Collection; by descent to nephew Gaylord Donnelley (1910–1992) and Dorothy Ranney Donnelley (1910–2002); loaned in 1969, and given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn., 1972
  • Louisa Cunningham, The Spirit of Place: Japanese Paintings and Prints of the Sixteenth through Nineteenth Centuries, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1984), 3, 41–42, no. 11, ill.
Object copyright
Additional information

Object/Work type

color woodcuts


Fugaku Sanjūrokkei: Kōshū Misaka Suimen (upper left) 富嶽三十六景 甲州三坂水面


Saki no Hokusai Iitsu hitsu (“brushed by Iitsu, formerly Hokusai”) 前北斎為一筆 (upper left)

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