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American Decorative Arts
Ruth and David Waterbury collection
Photo credit: Robert Fogt Photography
Full-size image not available for download. Please contact Rights and Reproductions.
Maker: Todd Hoyer, American, born 1952

X Series


Arizona cedar

13 3/4 × 14 in. (34.93 × 35.56 cm)
Gift of the Collection of Ruth and David Waterbury, B.A. 1958
In the early 1990s, Todd Hoyer began the X Series, a group of muscular and confrontational vessels with scorched ribs between broad grooves. Using a chainsaw, Hoyer slashed an X-shaped opening into the vessel and scorched the interior. The resulting cross can be read as both a graphic decoration and a symbolic cancelling out, as if to challenge conventions of beauty.
Made in Bisbee, Arizona
By appointment
20th century
Containers - Wood

Barry Friedman Gallery, New York, 1997, Ruth and David Waterbury, Minneapolis, Minn., 1997–2007; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.


Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2007), 113, pl. 103.

“Acquisitions, July 1, 2007–June 30, 2008,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2008): 179.

Glenn Adamson et al., Conversations with Wood: Selections from the Waterbury Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2011), 117, 239, no. 186, ill.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.