African Art
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Female Ancestral Mask (Ndoli Jowi/Nòwo)

early to mid-20th century

Ceiba wood and black pigment

13 1/4 × 7 3/8 × 8 7/8 in. (33.7 × 18.8 × 22.5 cm)
13 1/2 × 8 1/2 × 10 in. (34.29 × 21.59 × 25.4 cm)
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. James M. Osborn for the Linton Collection of African Art
or geography Sierra Leone
Mende, Sande association
20th century

Dr. Ralph Linton (1893–1953), by 1953 [see note 1]; by descent to his wife, Adelin Hohlfield Linton (1899–1977); sold to Marie-Louise Montgomery Osborn (1905–1968) and James Marshall Osborn (1906–1976), 1954; given to the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Conn.,1959

Note 1: Ralph Linton was the Sterling Professor of Anthropology at Yale from 1946 until his death in 1953.


Ralph Linton, The Linton Collection of African Sculpture: An Exhibition, March 13 through April 18, 1954, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1954), no. 14, ill.

Sarah Adams, Call and Response: Journeys of African Art, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2000), 70–71, fig. 39.

Warren M. Robbins, African Art in American Collections (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1966), 75, fig. 55.

Hans Himmelheber, Negerkunst und Negerkünstler (Braunschweig, Germany: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1960), 132, fig. 115.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.