American Decorative Arts


ca. 1735

Colorless glass

Height: 10 1/8 × 3 7/8 in. (25.72 × 9.84 cm)
Gift of the Wunsch Foundation, Inc.
This cruciform-shaped glass carafe is an example of imported English glass used in eighteenth-century colonial America. Carafes with the cruciform- or cross-shaped body were made with some variation from the 1720s through the 1790s. They were used for pouring wine at the table and therefore did not have matching stoppers. The carafe is made of thick flint or lead glass for durability and has a high kick in the bottom, usually done to assist with the annealing process. The shape was achieved by blowing the molten glass into a metal or wood mold. A pontil rod was then attached to the bottom of the object, allowing the glassmaker to finish the neck and shoulders by hand. Molds were used to increase the rate and variety that glass objects were made but had the added effect of leaving wavy marks on the surface of the glass. Glass manufacturers of this time period did not sign or mark objects, usually making their products identifiable only with a country and region rather than a particular factory.
Made in England
On view
18th century
Containers - Glass

“Acquisitions,” (accessed March 1, 2012).

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.