The young unmarried men of the Baga tribe created this headdress as an attempt to usurp the power
of the community elders. In the 1930s, a group of young men spied on the elders in their sacred grove performing a ceremony to conjure the image of their sacred female spirit. The young men then carved the Tiyambo
headdress, a voluptuous female bust in wood, as a sculptural representation
of the spirit belonging to the old men. They choreographed a dance and wrote a piece of music to accompany the headdress when they presented it to the public in their own masquerade. By appropriating the image of a spirit that did not belong to them, the young Baga men questioned
the authoritative status of their community leaders.