In the early 1990s, Todd Hoyer began the <EM>X Series</EM>, a group of muscular and confrontational vessels with scorched ribs between broad grooves. Using a chainsaw, Hoyer slashed an X-shaped opening into the vessel and scorched the interior. The resulting cross can be read as both a graphic decoration and a symbolic cancelling out, as if to challenge conventions of beauty.
Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2007), 113, pl. 103.
“Acquisitions, July 1, 2007June 30, 2008,” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin (2008): 179.
Glenn Adamson et al., Conversations with Wood: Selections from the Waterbury Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 2011), 117, 239, no. 186, ill.