European Art
Artist: Antoine Caron, French, 1521–1599

The Triumph of Mars

ca. 1570

Oil on panel

unframed 72.7 x 118.4 cm (28 5/8 x 46 5/8 in.), framed 72.7 x 97.8 cm (28 5/8 x 38 1/2 in.)
Leonard C. Hanna, Jr., Class of 1913, Edwin J. Beinecke, Class of 1907, Archer M. Huntington, Class of 1897, and Mrs. Gile Whiting Funds
1974.40
Based on an ancient Roman military procession, The Triumph of Mars is in fact an elaborate allegory of the evils of conflict, executed as the Wars of Religion (1562–98) were ravaging France, pitting Protestants against Catholics. Here, the Roman god of war, Mars, sits on a pile of trophies from conquered adversaries as his cart is drawn through a pillaged landscape by a personification of Fury and two fierce horses, Destruction and Devastation. Around them are the figures of Famine, Blasphemy, and Cruelty.
Culture: 
French
Period: 
16th century
Classification: 
Paintings
Status: 
On view
Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.

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