Ancient Art
Attributed to an artist near the: Gales Painter, Greek, Attic, active ca. 520 B.C.

Kylix with a Symposion Scene

ca. 520–510 B.C.

Terracotta, red-figure with added red

9.2 x 22.3 x 22.5 cm (3 5/8 x 8 3/4 x 8 7/8 in.), foot: 9.7 cm (3 13/16 in.)
Gift of Rebecca Darlington Stoddard
1913.163

The <EM>symposion</EM>, a mainstay of Greek culture with its origins in the deepest past, served an important social function for men. Reclining diners told stories, talked politics, celebrated victories, and forged relationships. Inspired by Dionysos, the god of wine, such gatherings could easily, and often did, descend into drunken, bawdy revelry. The women in attendance were not respectable matrons of good&nbsp;households, but rather <EM>hetairai</EM>---professional entertainers and courtesans.

Culture: 
Greek, Attic
Period: 
Late Archaic
Classification: 
Containers - Ceramic
Status: 
On view*
Bibliography: 

Professor Paul V. C. Baur, Preliminary Catalogue of the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases in Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1914), 19, no. 165.

Jay Hambidge, Dynamic Symmetry: The Greek Vase (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1920), 122, fig. 12.

Professor Paul V. C. Baur, Catalogue of the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases at Yale University, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1922), 108, no. 163, pl.15, fig. 36.

Ernst Pfuhl, Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen (Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1923), 429.

Hans Licht, Sittengeschichte Griechenlands: in zwei Bnden und einem. Ergänzungsband (Zurich: P. Aretz, 1925–1928), 47.

Leo Schidrowitz, Sittengeschichte Des Intimsten (Vienna: Verlag für Kulturforschung, 1929), 196, ill.

Lacey Davis Caskey and Sir John Davidson Beazley, Attic Vase Paintings in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (London: Oxford University Press, 1931), 10–11.

Susan B. Matheson and Jerome J. Pollitt, Greek Vases at Yale, 1st ed., exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975), 46–47, no. 42, ill.

Kenneth James Dover, Greek Homosexuality (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978), 86, 94, 118, fig. R82.

Susan B. Matheson, Greek Vases: A Guide to the Yale Collection, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 16–17, ill.

Handbook of the Collections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 262, ill.

Martin F. Kilmer, Greek Erotica on Attic Red-Figure Vases (London: Duckworth, 1993), 42–43, 240, no. R82, ill.

John M. Riddle, J. Estes, and J. Russell, “Ever Since Eve… Birth Control in the Ancient World,” Archaeology 47, no. 4 (1994): Cover, ill.

Ellen D. Reeder, Pandora: Women in Classical Greece, exh. cat. (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995), 190–92, ill.

Sheramy Bundrick, Music and Image in Classical Athens (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 38–39, fig. 24.

Kelly Wrenhaven, “The Identity of the Wool-Workers in the Attic Manumissons,” Hesperia 78 (2009): 377, fig. 4.

Gerhild Kastrun, “Antike Liebeslust,” UNIZEIT 3 (October 2010): 16, ill.

Susan B. Matheson, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Yale University Art Gallery I (Mainz, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2011), 52–53, no. 48, pl. 56, fig. 48.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.

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