Art of the Ancient Americas
Artist: Unknown

Wool Pile Cap

A.D. 700–900

wool and cotton, square-knotted network with wool pile

8.3 x 50.9 cm (3 1/4 x 20 1/16 in.) other (Bosses on 4 corners): 3.2 cm (1 1/4 in.)
Hobart and Edward Small Moore Memorial Collection, Gift of Mrs. William H. Moore
1937.4589
Close-fitting, four-cornered caps such as this one were worn by Huari and Tiahuanaco elite males in life and were interred with the dead. Upon a netted cotton base, the llama or alpaca wool pile in more than eight colors is woven into repeating designs of long-necked birds and geometric shapes.
Culture: 
Peru, Huari
Period: 
Middle Horizon
Classification: 
Textiles
Status: 
Not on view
Bibliography: 

Loretta N Staples, A Sense of Pattern: Textile Masterworks from the Yale University Art Gallery, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1981), 54, no. 50, ill.

Mary Frame, Andean Four-Cornered Hats: Ancient Volumes, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1990).

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 323, ill.

Elizabeth Hill Boone, ed., Andean Art at Dumbarton Oaks, 2, exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1996), 412, pl. 117.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 165, fig. 162.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.