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Ceiling Tile with Heliodoros, an Actuarius
ca. A.D. 200–256
Clay with painted plaster
30.5 x 44 x 6.7 cm (12 x 17 5/16 x 2 5/8 in.)
Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos
This tile from the ceiling of a house bears a Greek inscription that identifies the bearded man by name, Heliodoros, and occupation, actuarius (an official responsible for distribution of wages in the Roman military). The use of Greek to identify a Roman official is typical of the multicultural environment at Dura-Europos. The style and technique of the figure—the frontal pose, large eyes, subtle shading, and earth-toned pigments—recall other painted decoration in the city’s buildings.
Roman, 3rd century A.D.
Michael I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art, 1st (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1938), 83, pl. 15:1, ill.
Alan Shestack, ed., Yale University Art Gallery Selections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1983), 1819, ill.
Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 271, ill.
Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 114, fig. 111.
Simon T. James, The Excavations at Dura-Europos,1928 to 1937: Final Report VII, 7 (London: The British Museum Press, 2004), xxvi, 40, pl. 3.
Lisa R. Brody and Gail Hoffman, eds., Dura-Europos: Crossroads of Antiquity (Boston: McMullen Museum of Art, 2011), 356, no. 49, pl. 49, ill. cover.
Jennifer Chi and Sebastian Heath, eds., Edge of Empires: Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos, exh. cat. (New York: Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, 2011), 50, no. 15, fig. 214.
Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.