American Decorative Arts

Chest of Drawers with Doors

1650–70

Each case frame, principally white oak and red oak; drawer runners, panels, drawer fronts, most drawer sides and backs, white oak and red oak; top bottom of upper case, top back rail of upper case, some of drawer linings, chestnut; one board in bottom of middle drawer in lower case, eastern white pine; front feet, soft maple; door frames in lower case, corbels and plaques underneath them, dentils, probably American black walnut; top and bottom of lower case, some drawer linings, light-colored, shaped moldings on doors in lower case, on small drawers in upper case, and most of same type of molding on deep drawers in upper case, cedar; applied bosses, probably maple or cherry; replaced small bosses on upper case, beech; edge molding on top of upper case, flat, beveled moldings on small drawers in upper case, molding separating these drawers from deep drawer below, wide, beveled moldings and some of the thin, shaped moldings on deep drawer, base molding of upper case, torus molding at top of lower case, triglyphs, molding below triglyphs, base molding of lower case, cedrela (Cedrela odorata); flat panels of dark, reddish-brown wood with irregular black markings on small drawers in upper case, on deep drawer in upper case, and on doors of lower case, spindles on upper case, snakewood (Piratinera guianensis); spindles on lower case, rosewood (Dalbergia spp.); pulls on small drawers in upper case, lignum vitae (Guaiacum spp.).

124.1 x 116.3 x 60.2 cm (48 7/8 x 45 13/16 x 23 11/16 in.)
Mabel Brady Garvan Collection
1930.2109
This paneled chest of drawers, with its subtle color play between the different exotic woods used for the turnings and veneers on its facade, is one of the most complex pieces of American seventeenth-century furniture. This chest underscores the cosmopolitan nature of Boston in the middle of the seventeenth century, with the aesthetic underpinnings coming from high Anglo-Dutch style.
Geography: 
Made in Boston, Massachusetts
Culture: 
American
Period: 
17th century
Classification: 
Hardware
Status: 
On view
Bibliography: 

Wallace Nutting, Furniture of the Pilgrim Century 1620–1720 (Framingham, Mass.: Old American Company Publishers, 1924), 209, 235–36, fig. 218.

Charles O. Cornelius, Early American Furniture (New York: Century Co., 1926), 57, pl. IX, facing p. 36.

Wallace Nutting, Furniture Treasury, 1st ed., 3 vols. (Framingham, Mass.: Old American Company Publishers, 1928–33), no. 475.

R. T. Haines Halsey and Elizabeth Tower, The Homes of Our Ancestors as Shown in the American Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page and Company, 1935), 33, fig. 22.

Benno M. Forman, Urban Aspects of Massachusetts Furniture in the Late Seventeenth Century, ed. John D. Morse (Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1970), 7–8, fig. 3.

The Britannica Encyclopedia of American Art (Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Education Corporation, 1973), 194–95, fig. 2.

Patricia E. Kane, The Seventeenth-Century Furniture of the Connecticut Valley: The Hadley Chest Reappraised, ed. Ian M. G. Quimby (Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1975), 105, 108, fig. 24.

Victor Chinnery, Oak Furniture: The British Tradition (Suffolk, England: Antique Collector’s Club Ltd., 1979), 370–71, fig. 3:407.

Wendy A. Cooper, “In Praise of America,” Antiques 117, no. 3 (March 1980): 162–63, 168, fig. 183.

Mahonri M. Young, “Of Thee I Sing,” Apollo (June 1980): 467.

John T. Kirk, “The Tradition of English Painted Furniture, Part I: The Experience in Colonial New England,” Antiques 117 (May 1980): 1080–81, Pl. V.

Benno M. Forman, “The Origins of the Joined Chest of Drawers,” Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek (1981): 175, fig. 4.

John T. Kirk, American Furniture and the British Tradition to 1830 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982), 71, 176, fig. 467.

Joan Pearson Watkins Revocable Trust and Robert F. Trent, eds., New England Begins: The Seventeenth Century, 3 vols., exh. cat. (Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1982), 522–24, no. 481.

Benno M. Forman, “The Chest of Drawers in America, 1635–1670: The Origins of the Joined Chest of Drawers,” Winterthur Portfolio 1 (Spring 1985): 9–10, fig. 9.

Gerald W. R. Ward, American Case Furniture in the Mabel Brady Garvan and Other Collections at Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 9, 11, 15, 35, 95, 123, 125–28, 163, no. 51, pl. 5.

Peter Arkell and Robert F. Trent, “The Lawton Cupboard: A Unique Masterpiece of Early Boston Joinery and Turning,” Maine Antique Digest (March 1988): 1-C, fig. 2.

Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 87, ill.

Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 92–93, fig. 81.

Dennis Andrew Carr, American Colonial Furniture: Guide to the Collection, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2004), 2–3, 16, fig. 1.

Harvey Green, Wood: Craft, Culture, History (New York: Viking Press, 2006), 116, fig. 39.

Peter Follansbee and Robert F. Trent, “Reassessing the London-Style Joinery and Turning of Seventeenth-Century Boston,” American Furniture (2010): 194, fig. 1.

Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.

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