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Artist: attributed to: Berlin Painter, Greek, Attic, ca. 500–475 B.C.
Nolan Amphora showing Athena and Hermes
ca. 480 B.C.
Terracotta, red-figure with added red and dilute glaze
TECHNICAL FEATURES: Preliminary sketch for both figures. Relief contour. Acessory color. Red A: bracelets, cord tied around sakkos. B: wreath, petasos cord, bootlaces. Dilute Glaze A: outline of stephane and leaves, line at top of hair bag, necklace and pendant, pleats on chiton sleeves, scales on aegis, cross pattern on chiton skirt, thin horizontal band above hem of skirt. B: fringe of hair, anatomical details of neck, arms, and legs, cross pattern on chiton, some pleats on chiton sleeve.
33.2 x 19.5 cm (13 1/16 x 7 11/16 in.), mouth: Diam. 14.8 cm (5 13/16 in.), foot: Diam. 9 cm (3 9/16 in.)
Gift of Rebecca Darlington Stoddard
This Nolan Amphora was decorated using the red-figure technique by an artist known today as the Berlin Painter, widely regarded as one of the most talented vase painters of the early fifth century B.C. Unlike many other painters who preferred to demonstrate their mastery by creating complicated figural scenes, heavy with ornament, the Berlin Painter tended to simplify his compositions, frequently limiting them to a single figure set against a black ground. Such is the case here, where he has decorated one side of the vase with a depiction of Athena, standing with a spear in her left hand and a helmet in her right, and the other side with Hermes, wearing his characteristic winged sandals and holding a kerykeion (herald’s staff) in his left hand. Representations of Athena holding rather than wearing her helmet are thought to show a “peaceful Athena,” perhaps commemorating the peace following the victory of Athens over the Persians at the Battle of Salamis in 480 B.C.
Made in Athens, Attica, Greece, Europe
Containers - Ceramic
Professor Paul V. C. Baur, Preliminary Catalogue of the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases in Yale University (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1914), 16, no. 135, ill.
Sir John Davidson Beazley, Attic Red Figure Vases in American Museums (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1918), 32.
Joseph Clark Hoppin, A Handbook of Attic Red-Figured Vases Signed by or Attributed to the Various Masters of the Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C., 2nd ed., 2 vols. (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1919), 63, no. 30, ill.
Jay Hambidge, Dynamic Symmetry: The Greek Vase (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1920), 57, fig. 19.
Professor Paul V. C. Baur, Catalogue of the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian Vases at Yale University, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1922), 89, no. 133, ill.
Frederik Poulsen, Aus Einer Alten Etruskerstadt (Copenhagen: Fred. Høst & søn, 1927), 17, pl. 10.
Paul Zanker, Wandel der Hermesgestalt in der attischen Vasenmalerei (Bonn, Germany: R. Habelt, 1965), 69, n.313.
Susan B. Matheson and Jerome J. Pollitt, Greek Vases at Yale, 1st ed., exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1975), 5254, no. 46, ill.
Christa Bauchenss-Thüriedl, Erika Simon, and Ingrid Krauskopf, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, 8 vols. (Zurich: Artemis, 198197), vol. 5, p. 307, no. 205, pl. 217.
Alan Shestack, ed., Yale University Art Gallery Selections (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1983), 1415, ill.
Susan B. Matheson, Greek Vases: A Guide to the Yale Collection, 1st ed. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1988), 2223, ill.
Beazley Addenda: Additional References to ABV, ARV2 & Paralipomena, 2nd (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), 192.
Jenifer Neils, Goddess and Polis: The Panathenaic Festival in Ancient Athens, exh. cat. (Hanover, Germany: Dartmouth College, 1992), 153, no. 15.
Handbook of the Collections, exh. cat. (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 1992), 262, ill.
Susan B. Matheson, Art for Yale: A History of the Yale University Art Gallery (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2001), 6263, fig. 49.
Susan B. Matheson, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Yale University Art Gallery I (Mainz, Germany: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2011), 13, no. 1, pls. 12, 11.12, fig. 1.
Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Review and updating of such records is ongoing.