Begins a year of retreat in Astoria, Oregon.
Composes the essay “In the American West Is Hope Possible?” in a quiet attic room, on a six-foot-long desk made of raw plywood and sawhorses,
with a window to his right opening out over the town and the Columbia River. The essay is eventually published in To Make It Home.
With Kerstin, buys a lot on a hill in Astoria.
Publishes Summer Nights.
Meets William, Dorothy, and Kim Stafford, and with Kerstin prepares a group of calligraphed and illustrated broadsides of
poems by William Stafford and others.
Starts to carve wooden birds, eventually making representations of curlew, quail, dunlin, sparrow, dove, chickadee, puffin,
killdeer, and winter wren.
Returns in the fall to Colorado and continues to make a series of vertical 35 mm photographs of mostly anonymous landscapes
that he has enjoyed throughout his life.
Publishes Los Angeles Spring.